RCE Lima-Callao - 2023

Strategies for adaptation and mitigation to climate change and food security in Peru
Basic Information
Title of project : 
Strategies for adaptation and mitigation to climate change and food security in Peru
Submitting RCE: 
RCE Lima-Callao
Contributing organization(s) : 
- Universidad Ricardo Palma
- Indigenous community Kwechua-Lamas de Murillo, Lamas, Region San Martin, Peru
- San Martín Region’s Civil Society Organizations
- San Martín Region’s Indigenous Comunities
- Red Ambiental Peruana (RAP, spanish acronym)
- Universidad Ricardo Palma’ Research Centre within the framework of a multi, inter and transdisciplinary work
- Teams from Universidad Ricardo Palma’s Engineering School, Biology Program and others
Focal point(s) and affiliation(s)
Magaly Tejada
Organizational Affiliation: 
Universidad Ricardo Palma/ Instituto Peruano del Pensamiento Complejo Edgar Morin -IPCEM
Format of project: 
manuscript, powerpoint
Language of project: 
Date of submission:
Thursday, March 30, 2023
Additional resources: 
Under request
Geographical & Education Information
Lima and Indegenous community Quechua-Lamas de Murillo, Lamas, Region San Martin, Peru.
Address of focal point institution for project: 
Centro Cultural Ccori Wasi, Av. Arequipa N° 5198, Miraflores, Lima. Universidad Ricardo Palma’s infraestructure is at the project’s request.
Target Audience:
Socioeconomic and environmental characteristics of the area : 
Climate change is considered the most complex and challenging environmental problem facing our world today and is increasingly recognized as a strong threat to agriculture in general, and specifically to food security (Gebru et al., 2020; Mahapatra et al.., 2021). Climate scientists have predicted climate change is going to have a significant impact on agriculture that would ultimately affect food production quality and quantity. By 2080 agricultural production in developing countries is estimated to decline by 10-20%. This might have adverse consequences for achieving universal food security and meeting nutritional needs of communities (Mahapatra et al., 2021).
Peru, a megadiverse country in terms of climate, with 27 of the 32 climates in the world, is one of the countries that is most vulnerable to climate change effects. Temperature is expected to rise by 1.6 ºC in the Andes in 2030. The rains will occur out of season and will be stronger and more concentrated. Within 11 years, glaciers below 5,000 meters could completely disappear. In another 40 years, it is expected we will only have 60% of water supply we have today (MINAM et al, 2014).
Population in a situation of poverty is more vulnerable to climate change effects, they have a lower capacity for recovery and resilience in face of climate change adverse effects. Ensuring access to food and fighting malnutrition and poverty would become increasingly difficult.
The Peruvian Amazon represents 60% of the Peruvian territory. Although San Martín represents only 6.6% of the Amazon territory, it is the most densely populated region of the Amazon, home to approximately 800,000 indigenous and non-indigenous people, who comprise 30% of the total Amazonian population. This reality, caused largely by the Andean immigration, puts pressure on nature to the extent that some regions, such as the Alto Mayo, are among the most degraded in the country. Por eso, uno de los retos es recuperar los conocimientos andino-amazónica para el cuidado de la agricultura en los andes centrales del Perú.
Description of sustainable development challenge(s) in the area the project addresses: 
Food security is at risk worldwide due to climate change effects, which endanger our flora and fauna biodiversity. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), one of the most serious consequences associated with climate change will be an increase of malnourished population; mainly, due to global adverse effect on agricultural production, since millions of people depend on agriculture as a basic means of subsistence; therefore, it is imperative to achieve food security, improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.
Faced with climate change challenges, one of the most shocking of its impact is hunger, in Peru about 45% of the child population is suffering from anemia and malnutrition diseases. As the people who cultivate the fields decrease, the hunger in the city will be greater. We believe that it is necessary to define strategies that allow us to improve the relationship between the countryside and the city to ensure the power of the cities and the satisfaction of the needs of rural populations.
November, 2022 to October, 2023
Peru is one of the ten most vulnerable countries in the world to climate change. 71% of the Peruvian population is located in areas exposed to high danger. More than 15 thousand hectares are lost in each agricultural season associated with climatic events, and in the last twelve agricultural seasons the Peruvian State has been able to record losses due to weather reasons for a value of S /. 2,597 million.
The main risks of climate change in food security are: Loss of livelihoods and income in rural areas; loss of marine and coastal ecosystems and their livelihoods; Loss of terrestrial and inland water ecosystems and livelihoods; Food insecurity and collapse of food systems. We require approaches that help us understand the complex dynamics of climate change and its impact on food security and nutrition in Peru.
Agricultural, livestock and fishing production systems must adapt to climate change, contribute to mitigation without compromising the food and nutritional security of the population and, in this way, contribute to the sustainable development of the country.
Climate change, poverty and inequality must be worked on and aligned with the UN sustainable development goals to reduce poverty and improve population quality of life. This research seeks to contribute to SDG1 (end of poverty), SDG2 (zero hunger), SDG3 (health and well-being), SDG11 (sustainable cities and communities), SDG12 (responsible production and consumption), SDG13 (climate action), SDG15 (life on land) and SDG17 (partnerships to achieve goals). Peru’s needs to integrate climate and development strategies to achieve green, resilient and inclusive development.
Research a proposal which allows to propose strategies of resilience, mitigation and adaptation to climate change effects in order to achieve food security in Peru.
Activities and/or practices employed: 
• Cabinet work.
• Field work: interviews with Peruvian’s climate change mitigation and adaptation projects representatives, workshop with experts and interviews with community members.
• Organization and development of workshops with stakeholders in Lima and San Martín.
• Preparation of scientific articles.
Size of academic audience: 
Work will be done with climate change experts, traditional knowledge experts, indigenous communities’ members, intercultural teachers, members of this Project’s Advisory Council of San Martín Region.
• Identify strategies for mitigation and adaptation to climate change in the world and Peru which may contribute to achieve food security.
• Suggestions to improve water use management in agriculture in order to guarantee food security in Peru.
• Identify circular economy strategies which must be implemented to reduce greenhouse gases emission in agro-industrial sector and contribute to food security in Peru.
Lessons learned: 
- Value indigenous-Amazonian communities' traditional knowledge.
- Quechua-Lama communities have in-depth knowledge of their ecosystem and their climate dynamics: land (farm and forest) and water (‘planting and harvesting’ water – which is a millenarian Andean practice).
- Scientific and technical knowledge are insufficient; it is required to incorporate ancestral knowledge to complete the understanding of current challenges.
Key messages: 
On going…
Funded by Universidad Ricardo Palma.
UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
(https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdgs) and other themes of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)
SDG 1 - End poverty in all its forms everywhere 
SDG 2 - End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture 
SDG 3 - Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages 
SDG 11 - Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable 
SDG 12 - Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns 
SDG 13 - Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts 
SDG 15 - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification and halt and reverse land degradation, and halt biodiversity loss 
SDG 17 - Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development 
Disaster Risk Reduction 
Traditional Knowledge  
Plants & Animals 
ESD for 2030-Priority Action Areas
Priority Action Area 5 - Accelerating sustainable solutions at local level 
I acknowledge the above: