RCE Yogyakarta-2012

1. General Information
Contact Name(s): 
Siti Syamsiah
Organizational Affiliation : 
Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Waste Refinery Center
Role in the project: 
Project-relevant information: 



2. Project Information
1. Project title: 
Biogas from Fruit Waste in Indonesia
2. Project Description: 
The demo plant of biogas consists of the following activities:
1. Education of the market community for sorting the waste, 2. Characterization of waste (its amount and composition), 3. Design of biogas plants (which consists of several steps with different equipment), 4. Study on environmental impacts of the biogas plant, 5. Conducting legal aspects, such as building permit, agreement between parties involved in the initiation and operation, 6. Construction of the biogas plant, 8. Operation and maintenance of the biogas plant.
This plant is jointly constructed and operated among 3 main parties in Indonesian site (Gadjah Mada University, Local government Sleman Regency, and Gemah Ripah market), and 3 main parties in Swedish site (University of Boras, Boras Municipality, and Boras Energy and Environment). For both sites, biogas from fruit waste is a relatively new process and there has not been any real plant exist. Swedish site, however, has a long experience in converting waste into energy, not only in research but in commercial plant. The concept for producing biogas and electricity from fruit waste is basically the same with other raw materials, with little differences due to its different characteristics. Thus, Swedish site give suggestions and advice at every step of building the demo plant based on its experience, especially with respect to safety and environmental impact assessment.
3. Project Status: 
4. Key Words
Key Words: 
5. Project categories
Project categories: 
Awareness building
Influencing policy processes
Networking and partnership development
Material production
6. Expected outcomes:: 
The effects resulted from the implementation of the project is reduction of solid waste accumulation, as a result of reduction of waste production (as people have better awareness towards the environment), increasing economic income as a result of converting the waste into products and also wise utilization of resource.
7. Duration of the Project:: 
06/2008 - 02/2011
3. Project Leadership & Vision
8. Project coordination (e.g. teams): 
This project was initiated and implemented by Indonesian team, consisting of Gadjah Mada University, Local Government of Sleman Regency, Private sector of Fruit Market, and Swedish team, consisting of University of Boras, Boras Municipality, Boras Energy and Environment. This "big" team is coordinated by a project leader of Gadjah Mada University. Each party is reponsible for a particular task, according to its business. Universities are responsible for conducting research and education for designing the plant and increasing community awareness, local government is responsible for organizing legal framework for the plant, whereas the private sector is responsible for business aspect of the plant. Our coordination with foreign partners is for sharing and exchanging knowledge and experience.
9. Leadership structure
a. Administration: 
b. Transactional: 
c. Transformational: 
4. Project results
10. Project results : 
What are the current results of the project in terms of Outcomes:
Direct results of the biogas plant: electrical source for lighting the market, especially at night, no more disposal and transportation of waste to landfill site, field laboratory (where many people visit almost everyday to the plant to see the process). Although detail evaluation has not been made, the demo plant has absolutely created economic opportunity (energy generation), saved environment (no waste is disposed anymore to landfill site), and gave important social impacts (environmental awareness, institutional building, partnership scheme, education resource). In general, conversion waste into energy is conceptually widely known. However, there is no real example available that convince people about the implementation of the concept. This demo plant is considered to be an example that can be replicated and modified for local needs. Having visited the biogas plant, a number of local government have initiated discussion and plans to convert their solid waste into valuable products (energy). Another institution has also designed a training for technical officials on production of biogas from fruit waste. When more waste is converted into valuable products, it will give very positive impacts on the environment and health and create employment. With respect to the implementation of the project, generally all objectives have been achieved. Further evaluation and optimization of the process need to be performed for better results.
11. Contribution to reforms and innovations: 
This project has significantly contribute in reforming mindset of various stakeholders, including community, local government, central government, and private sectors. Since the plant has been operated, a number of visitor from different institutions have visited the plant and learned that waste may be converted to energy. Several local government then initiate to have similar system in their location. Waste management policy in Sleman especially has been influenced by this demo plant. Concept of reduce, reuse, and recycle is strongly encouraged.
12. Unexpected / unplanned results: 
In general, the project is succesfully carried out, and the results are as expected. However, in the initial stage we faced significant challenges. One important challenge was to bring every parties into one boat/one vision that we can do something with our waste. University is working with careful planning and based on data, which sometimes take times. Whereas, local government need to get results from any project instantly, without considering the sustainability.Through long and intensive discussion (which is part of education), a compromise could be achieved. Different policy among government institutions is another challenge to overcome.
13.Core Partners: 
(who are the main partners of your project?) Local government Sleman Regency; Gemah Ripah market; University of Boras; Boras Municipality; Boras Energy and Environment
5. Partnership and networking
14. Project Network
a. Information network: 
b. Knowledge network: 
c. Innovation network: 
6. Participation
15. Type of involvement: 
- UGM : laboratory works, research, design, community education
- Sleman Regency : regulation and fasilities
- Gemah Ripah market : lacation and operational
- University of Boras: laboratory works, research, design
- Boras Municipality : funding, sharing of experience
- Boras Energy and Environment: supervision on operational, knowledge sharing
16. Participation opportunities
a. Informational participation: 
b. Consultation participation: 
c. Decision influencing participation : 
7. Education & Learning
17. Educational activities: 
1.“sandwich” PhD programe
2. master thesis
2. Student projects
3. Community Empowerment (KKN)
18. Learning activities: 
This project give substantial learning process, especially with respect to: international collaboration, building network among different institutions (education, government, private), difficulty in building community awareness toward environment and sustainability, it needs a real example for changing mindset of the people, a dedicated team is absolutely important for keeping a project sustain.
19. Educational activities
a. Theory: 
b. Discussion: 
c. Interactive and Multidimensional "action oriented education": 
8. Research Integration
20. Research & Development (R&D): 
Producing biogas from waste, Biogas for generating electricity, gas purification and crusher machine, de-watering equipment
21. Research partners: 
University of Boras, Sweden: resource recovery, waste refinery
22. Description of research
a. Disciplinary: 
b. Interdisciplinary: 
c. Transdisciplinary: 
Project Reports
Higher Education
SCP,Livelihood and Well-being
One More Issue: